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Methodology
CFSR3: Safety Performance Area 1
Maltreatment in foster care
To Report

Federal/CWS Outcomes Measure: Of all children in foster care during a 12-month period, what is the rate of victimization per day of foster care?

This report is restricted to the most recent 11 calendar years.

Denominator: The denominator is, of children in foster care during the 12-month period, the total number of days these children were in foster care as of the end of the 12-month period. Records with an incident date occurring outside of the removal episode are excluded, even if report dates fall within the episode. Complete foster care episodes lasting <8 days are excluded. Any report that occurs within the first 7 days of removal is excluded. Youth age 18 or more are excluded, as well as youth in foster care at 18 or more. For youth who start out as 17 years of age and turn 18 during the period, any time in foster care beyond his/her 18th birthday is not counted in the denominator.

Numerator: The numerator is, of the children in the denominator, the total number of substantiated or indicated reports of maltreatment (by any perpetrator) during a foster care episode within the 12-month period.

Performance: Performance for this measure is the numerator divided by the denominator, expressed as a rate per 100,000 days. The rate is multiplied by 100,000 to produce a whole number which is easier to interpret.

These rates differ slightly from federal numbers reported by the Children's Bureau due to limitations resulting from the construction of the NCANDS and AFCARS files.

National Standard: Important Note: 10/17/2016 The Children's Bureau is revising the Child and Family Services Reviews, Round 3 (CFSR3) statewide data indicators, which will affect performance results for all states and the national standards. The Children's Bureau expects to complete this process by the end of 2016. The Children's Bureau then will use the statewide data indicators and national standards to provide context for the CFSR3 reviews. For details, please see CFSR Technical Bulletin 9.

Extension of Federal Measure: In the drill-down reports for this measure, data may be viewed for a selected 12 month period or periods by agency type, age, ethnic group, and/or gender.

Notes:
  • County County is assigned in this analysis using the county specific code from the case assignment table (or, if this information is not available, using the county specific code from the referral table, or if this information is not available, using the government entity type from the state id table) active on the first day of the specified time period for children in care on that day or at the placement episode start date for children who enter during the time period.
  • Agency Type is assigned based on the responsible agency on the first day of the specified time period for children in care on that day or at the placement episode start date for children who enter during the time period.
  • Age is assigned based on how old a child is on the first day of the specified time period for children in care on that day or at the placement episode start date for children who enter during the time period.
  • Please note: we recognize there may be data quality issues with this measure.
    However, data for this analysis are reported as entered in the CWS/CMS System per ACL numbers 03-61 (http://www.cdss.ca.gov/lettersnotices/entres/getinfo/acl03/pdf/03-61.pdf)
    and 05-09 (http://www.cdss.ca.gov/lettersnotices/entres/getinfo/acl05/pdf/05-09.pdf) which provide instruction and clarification on reporting requirements.

Note: Cells containing a period (".") represent a value of zero. In cells representing quotients, a period may also indicate the indeterminate form 0/0.

Stratification and Filters: This measure may be run with filters to restrict the data to various subgroups of other variables (e.g., Black subgroup of the Ethnicity variable, <1 year old subgroup of the Age variable, etc.). Please see the links below for details:


Agency Type

Age Group

Ethnic Group

Gender