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Methodology
CFSR3: Permanency Performance Area 1
Permanency in 12 months for children entering foster care
To Report

Federal/CWS Outcomes Measure: Of all children who enter foster care in a 12-month period, what percent discharged to permanency within 12 months of entering foster care?

Denominator: The denominator is the number of children who enter foster care in a 12-month period. Children who are in foster care for less than 8 days are excluded. Children who enter foster care at age 18 or more are excluded. For children with multiple episodes during the same 12-month period, this measure only evaluates the first episode within the period.

Numerator: The numerator is the number of children in the denominator who discharged to permanency within 12 months of entering foster care. For this measure, permanency includes exit status of ‘reunified’, ‘adopted’ or ‘guardianship’. Children with a current placement of ‘trial home visit’ are included in the count of children reunified if that visit lasted at least 30 days, its start date fell within 11 months of the latest removal date, and it was the final placement before the child was discharged from foster care to reunification. For details, please see Exit Status.

Performance: Performance for this measure is the numerator divided by the denominator, expressed as a percentage.

These rates may differ slightly from federal numbers reported by the Children's Bureau because the federal AFCARS data file excludes those children who exit to permanency early in the 6-month AFCARS reporting period and then reenter later within the same reporting period. Therefore, the Federal permanency rates will be slightly lower than the rates displayed here.

National Standard: Note: [10/17/2016] The Children's Bureau has determined they will use the Child and Family Services Reviews, Round 3 (CFSR3) statewide data indicators and national standards to provide context for the CFSR3 reviews, rather than in conformity determinations. They are revising the indicators, which is likely to affect performance results for states and the national standards. For details, please see CFSR Technical Bulletin 9. For your reference, the CWS Outcomes workbooks will include the original national standards and related calculations until the Children's Bureau publishes corrected national standards.

Extension of Federal Measure: In the drill-down reports for this measure, the entry cohort may be restricted to children entering foster care for the first time ever (‘first entry’) or to ‘other entry’. Days in care selections are also available: in addition to the default of 8 days or more, users may select children in care 7 days or less, or include children regardless of the number of days in care (i.e., ‘All’). Each of the three types of permanency--reunification, adoption, and guardianship--is reported separately and information is provided on other exit status categories--‘emancipated’, ‘other’, and ‘still in care’.

Notes:
  • County is assigned based on the first county with an open case during the placement episode. However, if the child was only in referral status or was in referral status for more than six months during the placement episode, the first responsible county is defined as the first county responsible for the referral.
  • Agency Type is assigned based on the responsible agency at the placement episode start date during the specified time period.
  • Age is assigned based on how old a child is at the placement episode start date during the specified time period.
  • In the 'Exit Status at Most Recent Available Follow Up Period' analysis, rows and columns with no data are not displayed in report output. Please note that this may result in an unusual table structure for queries involving small counties or other small frequency counts.
  • The Trial Home Visit adjustment is applied consistent with the federal methodology for 3-P1. For children whose trial home visits ended in permanency (usually reunification) more than 30 days after the beginning of the trial home visit, the Trial Home Visit Adjustment calculates the date of discharge to permanency as 30 days after the beginning of the trial home visit, thus shortening the time in care. Note that this adjustment is applied to 3-P1, but not to the other Federal measures.
As of Quarter 4, 2017,
  • We added a new report dimension and filter, Placement Type at 12 Months, and a new filter, Caregiver Relationship at 12 Months. Placement Type at 12 Months is determined as follows: for children who exited care within 12 months of entry, the Placement Type at 12 Months is the child's last placement type prior to leaving care. For children who were in a foster care placement 12 months after entry it is the placement type of that placement. For children in an open placement episode but not in a foster care placement 12 months after entry, the Placement Type at 12 Months is that of the child's last placement in the episode prior to the 12 months date. Placement Type at 12 Months is reported as missing when the child's first foster care placement in the placement episode started more than 12 months after the start of the episode. This may be because the child was in a non-foster care placement (e.g., a medical setting), because the episode start date and/or the placement start data was entered incorrectly, or for some other reason. The Caregiver Relationship at 12 Months filter is determined in a parallel manner. For example, for children who exited care within 12 months of entry, the Caregiver Relationship at 12 Months is the relationship to the caregiver reported for the last placement prior to leaving care. For a full description, which includes the placement type categories, please see:
    http://cssr.berkeley.edu/cwscmsreports/methodologies/default.aspx?definition=PlacementType&backReport=P1&report=
  • We corrected the Trial Home Visit (THV) adjustment, consistent with the federal methodology. Previously, it had not been functioning. The result is to slightly increase the proportion of children reported on 3-P1 as leaving care for permanency. Statewide, the change is slight, however, counties that make more use of THVs may notice improved performance versus previously posted values.
  • This report now includes placement episodes where the first placement in the episode is identified as a guardianship placement, but with an authority for placement of WIC 300 or WIC 600. Because the prior coding excluded these placements this change slightly increases the number of placement episodes (by less than one percent).
  • Stratification by county is now based on the first county responsible in the placement episode, rather than the last county responsible. First county is defined as the first county with an open case during the placement episode. However, if the child was only in referral status or was in referral status for more than six months during the placement episode, the first responsible county is defined as the first county responsible for the referral.

Note: Cells containing a period (".") represent a value of zero. In cells representing quotients, a period may also indicate the indeterminate form 0/0.

Stratification and Filters: This measure may be run with filters to restrict the data to various subgroups of other variables (e.g., Black subgroup of the Ethnicity variable, <1 year old subgroup of the Age variable, etc.). Please see the links below for details:


Agency Type

Age Group

Ethnic Group

Gender

Placement Type

Caregiver Relationship

Exit Status