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Methodology
CFSR3: Permanency Performance Area 1
Permanency in 12 months for children entering foster care
To Report

Federal/CWS Outcomes Measure: Of all children who enter foster care in a 12-month period, what percent discharged to permanency within 12 months of entering foster care?

Denominator: The denominator is the number of children who enter foster care in a 12-month period. Children who are in foster care for less than 8 days are excluded. Children who enter foster care at age 18 or more are excluded. For children with multiple episodes during the same 12-month period, this measure only evaluates the first episode within the period.
Please note: As of Q3_2016 the report code was modified to conform the selection of a given child's first placement episode within the reporting period to Federal CFSR3 practice. Small differences in counts may be observed for some time periods.

Numerator: The numerator is the number of children in the denominator who discharged to permanency within 12 months of entering foster care. For this measure, permanency includes exit status of ‘reunified’, ‘adopted’ or ‘guardianship’. Children with a current placement of ‘trial home visit’ are included in the count of children reunified if that visit lasted at least 30 days, its start date fell within 11 months of the latest removal date, and it was the final placement before the child was discharged from foster care to reunification. For details, please see Exit Status.

Performance: Performance for this measure is the numerator divided by the denominator, expressed as a percentage.

These rates may differ slightly from federal numbers reported by the Children's Bureau because the federal AFCARS data file excludes those children who exit to permanency early in the 6-month AFCARS reporting period and then reenter later within the same reporting period. Therefore, the Federal permanency rates will be slightly lower than the rates displayed here.

National Standard: Important Note: 10/17/2016 The Children's Bureau is revising the Child and Family Services Reviews, Round 3 (CFSR3) statewide data indicators, which will affect performance results for all states and the national standards. The Children's Bureau expects to complete this process by the end of 2016. The Children's Bureau then will use the statewide data indicators and national standards to provide context for the CFSR3 reviews. For details, please see CFSR Technical Bulletin 9.

Extension of Federal Measure: In the drill-down reports for this measure, the entry cohort may be restricted to children entering foster care for the first time ever (‘first entry’) or to ‘other entry’. Days in care selections are also available: in addition to the default of 8 days or more, users may select children in care 7 days or less, or include children regardless of the number of days in care (i.e., ‘All’). Each of the three types of permanency--reunification, adoption, and guardianship--is reported separately and information is provided on other exit status categories--‘emancipated’, ‘other’, and ‘still in care’.

Notes:
  • County is assigned in this analysis using the county specific code from the case assignment table (or, if this information is not available, using the county specific code from the referral table, or if this information is not available, using the government entity type from the state id table) active at the placement episode start date during the specified time period.
  • Agency Type is assigned based on the responsible agency at the placement episode start date during the specified time period.
  • Age is assigned based on how old a child is at the placement episode start date during the specified time period.
  • First Placement Type refers to the facility where a child was initially placed at the placement episode start date during the specified time period.
  • First Caregiver Relationship refers to the value of the substitute care provider relationship to child variable at the placement episode start date during the specified time period.
  • In the 'Exit Status at Most Recent Available Follow Up Period' analysis, rows and columns with no data are not displayed in report output. Please note that this may result in an unusual table structure for queries involving small counties or other small frequency counts.
  • The Trial Home Visit (THV) adjustment is applied, consistent with the federal definition of this measure. This means that if a child discharges from foster care to reunification with parents or other caretakers after a placement setting of a trial home visit, any time in that trial home visit that exceeds 30 days is discounted from the length of stay in foster care. In the federal calculation of this measure the actual date of discharge to permanency could occur at any time during the 3 years of data used to calculate the indicator. For the reports on this site, the actual date of discharge to permanency could occur at any time before the cutoff date of the current data extract. Earlier entry cohorts, therefore, may use more than 3 years of data for the purposes of determining the THV adjustment and the most recent entry cohorts we provide may use less than 3 years of data.

Note [Q2 17]: The Last Placement Type and Last Caregiver Relationship variables are being revised. The previous versions were potentially misleading when applied to children and youth still in care.

Note: Cells containing a period (".") represent a value of zero. In cells representing quotients, a period may also indicate the indeterminate form 0/0.

Stratification and Filters: This measure may be run with filters to restrict the data to various subgroups of other variables (e.g., Black subgroup of the Ethnicity variable, <1 year old subgroup of the Age variable, etc.). Please see the links below for details:


Agency Type

Age Group

Ethnic Group

Gender

Placement Type

Caregiver Relationship

Exit Status