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Notes on Data Source

These reports are derived from a longitudinal database and provide information on all exits from out-of-home care (i.e., placement episodes that were terminated) for a specified year.

Exit type is defined as follows [CWS/CMS termination reason type codes in square parentheses]:

  • Reunification: an exit from care to parents or primary caretaker [5439, 5440, 5513]
  • Adoption: an exit from care to a finalized adoption [5426, 5438, 5505, 5519]
  • Kin-GAP: an exit from care to a relative through the Kin-GAP program (please note that since the addition of the capacity to accurately capture these cases is somewhat recent to CWS/CMS, an unknown proportion of these exits are reported in this analysis as “Other Guardianship”) [case closure to Kin-GAP [CLS_RSNC=5950] within 60 days of end of spell].
  • Other Guardianship: an exit from care to guardianship [5434, 5516]
  • Emancipation: an exit from care to age of majority, or emancipation [5427, 5433, 5506, 5510]
  • Other: refers to all placement termination reason type codes including missing that are not referenced in the above exits as well as “*Other”. This latter code is not currently valid, but appears to have been used for episodes closed during conversion where the reason for exit was unclear.

A selection of "Children Exiting" or “Last Exit” for the “Episode Count” variable will produce frequency counts of distinct (unduplicated) children exiting care. With the “Children Exiting” option, data are unduplicated separately for the state and for each county. As a result, the sum of counties may not equal the statewide total. In addition, a selection of two or more grouped counties may produce a slight overcount: children exiting more than one county during the year are counted for each county they exit. An individual selection (California or any individual county) produces a true unduplicated count. If either “Other Exit” or “All Exit” is selected, reported frequencies will be at the exit-event level (i.e., multiple exits by the same child during a specified time period will be counted).

Age is calculated at the placement episode end date during the specified time period.

Note: Cells containing a period (".") represent a value of zero. In cells representing quotients, a period may also indicate the indeterminate form 0/0.

These reports may also be run with filters in place to restrict the data to various subgroups of other variables (e.g., Black subgroup of the Ethnicity variable, < 1 year old subgroup of the Age variable, etc.). County is assigned in this analysis using the county specific code from the case assignment table that is active during the specified time period. Placement type in this analysis refers to the placement facility type corresponding with the last out of home placement in the placement episode during the specified time period. Caregiver relationship in this analysis refers to the last value of the substitute care relationship to child variable during the specified time period. Please see the links below for details:

Agency Type

Days in Care

Age Group

Ethnic Group

Census-based Ethnicity Coding


Placement Type

Caregiver Relationship

Episode Count