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Placement Type: A child’s out-of-home placement type is captured in the following categories. The CWS/CMS codes for each category are drawn from the variable PLC_FCLC (unless otherwise noted) and listed below. Underlined names represent the names displayed in output tables. Note that Resource Family Homes are included with other homes of like type (Relative/NREFM, Foster, FFA) and that Short-Term Residential Therapeutic Programs are included with Group Homes.

Note: As of the Quarter 1, 2018 data extract, we use the CWS/CMS placement history table, PLACEMENT_FACILITY_TYPE_HISTORY (PFACHIST), and placement history data derived from an analysis of facility type change between extracts to more accurately determine placement types over time.

Important note: Prior to mid-2017, it was not possible for Resource Family Approval (RFA) early implementing counties to accurately capture the number of children living in "Kin" placement types (now called "Relative/NREFM"). Early implementing counties were instructed to enter all new placements with resource families into the Child Welfare Services/Case Management System as "Foster" placement types, including those placed with relatives. To obtain accurate information regarding relative placements, reports should be filtered/restricted by "Relative" caregiver relationship type. Please note, non-related extended family members could not be identified for resource family homes at this time and were reflected as a "Nonrelative" caregiver relationship type.

  1. Pre-Adopt
  2. Relative/NREFM
    • Relative/NREFM Home (1421)
    • Tribe Specified Home (1422)
    • County Approved Resource Family Approval (RFA) Home (6914) where SCP_RLTC = 1638 (Relative Guardian), 1639 (Relative Nonguardian), 6990 (NREFM Guardian), or 6991 (NREFM Nonguardian)
    • Foster Family Agency Resource Family Approval (RFA) Home (6915) where SCP_RLTC = 1638 (Relative Guardian), 1639 (Relative Nonguardian), 6990 (NREFM Guardian), or 6991 (NREFM Nonguardian)
  3. Foster
    • Foster Family Home (1416)
    • Small Family Home (1415)
    • County Approved Resource Family Approval (RFA) Home (6914) where SCP_RLTC = 1636 (Nonrelative Guardian), 1637 (Nonrelative Nonguardian), or 6715 (Self)
  4. FFA
    • Foster Family Agency (1414)
    • Foster Family Agency Certified Home (2200)
    • Foster Family Agency Resource Family Approval (RFA) Home (6915) where SCP_RLTC = 1636 (Nonrelative Guardian), 1637 (Nonrelative Nonguardian), or 6715 (Self)
  5. Court Specified (1419)
  6. Group
    • Group Home (1417)
    • Short-Term Residential Therapeutic Program (STRTP) (6916)
  7. Shelter
    • County Shelter/Recving Home(Non EA/AFDC) (1418)
    • Temporary Shelter Care Facility (7027)
  8. Non-Foster-Care (Non-FC)
  9. Guardian (5411)
    • Guardian – Dependent
    • Guardian – Non-Dependent
  10. Runaway (PLCG_RNC=1431)
  11. Trial Home Visit (PLCG_RNC=1440)
  12. Supervised Independent Living Placement (SILP) (6716)
  13. Transitional Housing (TRNHSG_IND = Y or TRNHSG_FAC = Y)
  14. Other (all other codes)
  15. Missing
Not all placement types are included for all reports. For example, the following placement types may be excluded if not relevant to a report:
  • Pre-Adopt
  • Trial Home Visit
  • Supervised Independent Living Placement (SILP)
  • Non-Foster-Care (Non-FC)
  • Guardian – Dependent
  • Guardian
    • Guardian – Dependent
    • Guardian – Non-Dependent
If there are instances of a placement type that is not offered for a particular report, then those instances will be counted in the Other category for that report.

When they are used, the additional or more detailed categories are determined as follows:
  • Children who have a signed adoption agreement are coded as Pre-Adopt.
  • Depending on the report, children with an assignment of Guardian may be coded as the part of the single category Guardian or may be coded as either Guardian – Dependent or Guardian – Non-Dependent. The former category is for children who have a legal guardian and are also dependents of the Juvenile Court; the latter for children who have a legal guardian but are not dependents of the Juvenile Court.
  • Placements of children reported on the non-foster care placement table are coded as Non-Foster Care (Non-FC). However, non-foster care placements are only reported when the child also had one or more foster care placements in the same episode, as placement episodes consisting only of non-foster care placements are excluded from all reports.
  • For all other non-missing values, those with an open placement episode, but no open out-of-home placement and no reliable data regarding why, are coded as Other.

There are five versions of the Placement Type variable:
  1. First Placement Type is placement type on the first day of a placement episode,
  2. Placement Type is placement type on the selected date,
  3. Placement Type at 12 months is, for children who exited care within 12 months of entry, the child's last placement type prior to leaving care. For children who were in a foster care placement 12 months after entry it is the placement type of that placement. For children in an open placement episode but not in a foster care placement 12 months after entry, the Placement Type at 12 Months is that of the child's last placement in the episode prior to the 12 months date. It is reported as missing when the child's first foster care placement in the placement episode started more than 12 months after the start of the episode. This may be because the child was in a non-foster care placement (e.g., a medical setting), because the episode start date and/or the placement start data was entered incorrectly, or for some other reason.
  4. Last Placement Type is determined on the last day of a placement episode, and
  5. Predominant Placement Type is the placement type that comprises at least 50% of a placement episode.
For some reports, more than one of these versions may be available.